The root password is forgotten. It vital to recover it without reinstalling the RHEL and CentOS . The recovery process include to access any documentation. It is recommended to write those commands separately. On a piece of paper so that recovery process will complete successfully. The tutorial includes the command. The root user permission is necessary. Whenever running any commands and tools. Please follow all the steps carefully.
Step-1 : Select the Linux Kernel and Edit the Linux kernel Parameters
Press up and down key simultaneously so that you will access the GNU-GRUB2 menu. From the first option hit
E to edit the first grub menu.
After editing the GNU-GRUB2 menu find the lines started with
linux16 and hit
End button to go to the last line and add
rd.break to it.
After add these lines hit
X to boot.
Step-2 : Recover the root password
First mount the
# mount -o rw,remount /sysroot
Then Change the root directory to
# chroot /sysroot
After that change the root password and you will be prompted to add the new password make sure it is strong.
# passwd root
Step-3 : Auto Label the SELinux context to /etc/passwd file
Finally after running the
passwd command the Linux need to be set the new password by relabeling to the
/etc/passwd file and it is necessary for running with correct SELinux context.
# touch /.autorelabel
It takes several minutes depending on your system CPU and Hard Drive speed.
Step-4 : Boot with the graphical user interface target
It is vital to run the Linux distribution with the graphical user interface by using the
# systemctl set-default graphical.target
When done type two times
exit command to exit from
chroot jail and to reboot the system.
Congratulations now you have reset the forgotten password without reinstalling the CentOS and RHEL.